The spine is the essential element that maintains the body in orthostatic position. It has a high degree of mobility with interest to intervertebral joints, with variable amplitude from region to region.
The curvatures of the spine have emerged as an adaptation to the upright position. The thoracic curve occurs to the new-born child, the cervical curve when the child develops sitting position and the lower back curve with walking. The correct attitude of the body is a sign of physical and mental equilibrium, a consequence of normal and harmonious development of the body.
Scoliosis is a change of physiological curvature, especially in the lumbar region, in the frontal plane, taking the form of letter “C”, sometimes followed by compensatory changes in the next area, making the letter “S”. This deformation, seen better in front or behind of the person is manifested to the right or to the left, depending on the erronous position of the spine.
Kyphosises are deviations of the spine in the sagittal plane (in the vertical plane of symmetry), by exaggerating the normal curvature of the spine. Kyphosis is manifested by excessive curvature of the spine in the thoracic region, causing a hump, and is compensated by a hyperlordosis for cervical and lumbar spine, for balancing.
Kypho-scoliosis is a double deviation of the spine with posterior convexity and lateral curvature.
Lordosis is normal only in the cervical region and lower back, but becomes abnormal when it affects a different part of the spine or when it becomes very pronounced.
Untreated, over time, these conditions may get permanent, and when the person tries to adopt a correct posture, back pain starts.
In 80% of the cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown (idiopathic scoliosis). Scoliosis usually occurs in childhood or adolescence and is associated with congenital factors such as spina bifida, genetic factors or by specific local factors, such as pain or muscle spasm, with muscle or nerve problems or with legs inequality.
The incorrect position of the child in the seat since the first years of life, at the table, at home and then in kindergarten, school, office or bench, wearing a backpack incorrectly may lead in time to some of these unwanted deformations.
Sudden increase in height, avoiding the regular practice of sports that strengthens the back muscles or neglect kinesiology where disease was installed, contributes to spinal deformity.
There are other causes that may cause spinal deviations, such as vitamin D deficiency (rickets), myopia, hearing changes, which require the child to develop asymmetric or incorrect attitudes to correct the defect detrimental to normal body position. These diseases must be identified early through a special control, and treated.
Spine changes, in time, lead to altered activity of the entire locomotive system, of the respiratory movements, which will lead to changes in metabolism, the endocrine or nervous system’s balance. Heart function is negatively influenced by changes of the spine and chest in case of scoliosis and clogged sternum because of rickets. The activity and development of internal organs are modified. And last but not least, the adolescent self-image is affected by suddenly increase in height, but torn and crooked.
If you notice changes of the spine (kyphosis, scoliosis, lordosis) or legs (knee to “X”, flat feet), reffer to your specialist. For a child with scoliosis, a shoulder, a shoulder blade, ribs from one side or hip may appear higher than others, and his head is not central-positioned.
Warning: scoliosis does not hurt! Kyphotic child has head position and the top half of the trunk leaned ahead, showing a prominent basin. All these changes must be communicated to the specialist.
Educating children to have a correct sitting position in the bench, at the table or in front of the computer – at home or school – must be correlated with a proper seat and office height, a proper light source, so that the child does not lean on the table, but have his back straight. The correct position is with legs under the seat and the back straight, near the bench. Bag or backpack will be held alternately in the hands or back, favoring the right position of the body. To strengthen the muscles of the spine, each child should be involved in sports (swimming, athletics) since pre-school period and parents of the child should not help him skip healthy physical education classes.
A significant number of children and young people with disorders of the spine address our center, BowenCenter.ro, to remedy the discomfort caused by these deformations.
We recommend the spine assessment using Spinal Mouse ®, because we believe it is smarter to prevent than to treat when it’s too late.